Life is like a paper basket of books

Flooding is a four-billion-dollar scourge of books since ancient times, and it has been mainly due to war. In Gu Kai's memory, the most profound impression of the youth era was the series of disasters brought about by the Japanese war of aggression against China.

At that time, he was still very young. He always saw that the topic often talked by his father and some friends around him was always that the war would surely be fought. What would happen if the Japanese were to come in? It would be safe to flee wherever they fled.

At that time, the use of Guoyunlou was no longer a library. Gu’s grandfather had already set up a separate book before his death. He passed the collection of Guoyunlou to his four sons. The things in Guoyunlou had already been moved to Xijin Villa and Zhujiayuan. Residential. The Gu family made preparations and brought the most essential part of the family's collections to Shanghai and deposited them in the vault of the Shanghai Concession’s fourth-generation savings association. “The old collection of paintings and calligraphy, together with boxes, was going to pile up six or seven rooms. It didn’t take so many and there was no reason to rent such a large vault.” Then another ten square meters of dug in the courtyard of Zhujiayuan residence. In the cellar to hide some of the holdings. After this cellar was dug up Gu was still playing: Walking down the escalator, there were electric lights and it was very high. In order to prevent moisture, some waterproof measures are also taken when repairing the cellar. The inside is covered with moisture-proof felt and cement is put on it again. All the things put into the cellar are packed into boxes made of iron sheet, and the outside of the box is welded with tin. . Although this cellar had not been discovered by the Japanese army, but these moisture-proof techniques still did not pass. Afterwards, the cellar entered the water, and the tin box rusted in the water and opened again. It was found that many paintings suffered from mildew and were seriously damaged.

War on August 16, 1937, Suzhou was bombed by the Japanese, the first ** fell on the Gu family, they had to flee overnight. The ** just landed in the hall of the Gujia Zhujiayuan residence. Two servants who were stacking clothes in the hall were killed on the spot. “I was a big disaster at the time. In school, I was trained in a little air defense knowledge. I was hiding under the bed. I was shaken. A big cupboard was down opposite and the bed was pressed down. I was fortunate to be hiding behind. On the side of the bed, there was only a bit of a bruise on the forehead." Escaped from the house, he saw the plane fly like a no-flyer and could see the driver. The machine* swept over, and ** just rubbed over his head. "If I were taller, I would die on the spot."

They hid in the garden and waited for the bombing to go. The nearest employer fled to the country overnight and then contacted Shanghai. His aunt and uncle had a joint venture factory in Hongkou, Shanghai, and they sent a car from Shanghai to pick them up. The driver of the truck was a Japanese expatriate. This article provided a great convenience. "When he encountered a sentry on the way, he would speak Japanese. There would be no problem on the road. We were all hiding in the shed behind the truck and it was raining. It was cold and cold, and when I got off to Shanghai, my two feet were numb and there was water on my body.” Later this car was used to bring his uncle, Mr. Gu Gongxiong, to Shanghai.

The homes of Suzhou were brutally poisoned after their fall. When the situation calmed down slightly, Gu’s father Gu Gongshuo ventured back home and found that both old houses were dug into the ground and looted. The home of Zhu Jiayuan was searched by the Japanese monk for seven days and nights. The Xijin Villa was searched for a full 15 days. Those paintings and paintings that had not been carried away and were not hidden were all suffered. The room was filled with gimmicks and scrolls, and the paintings were all excavated. “My father felt that the Japanese were informative, because not all of them had been thoroughly searched. People are not like ordinary soldiers. How could they dig the cores so well? The bronze artifacts and other artifacts sinking in the wells are also missing.

In fact, during the late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China, the Japanese had been guilty of collecting the Gu family. The forty to fifty years since the beginning of the 20th century are the peaks of the outflow of Chinese cultural relics. In addition to the personal purchases of missionaries, diplomats, and other foreigners coming to China, universities and cultural research institutions have also sent people to China to acquire ancient books. The largest number of ancient books went to Japan, and there were several cases during the outflow of over 10,000 books. The Japanese also visited Gu Heyi several times in Suzhou and invited him to hold an exhibition in Japan. Shimada Han, who specializes in researching ancient Chinese versions of his books, once visited Cloud House. After reading the collection, he said that he was "frightened." He had also wanted to buy a collection of Cloud House, but he did not succeed. When Gu Heyi died in 1930, the Japanese also deliberately came to Suzhou and asked for two items of daily necessities. He brought them back to Japan and held a small memorial meeting among the literati.

After this war and catastrophe, the collections of Guoyunlou have been hit hard, but the most exciting parts are still protected.

The uncle Gu Gongxiong did not return to Suzhou after the war of resistance against Japan. Gu Ke’s aunt Shen Tongxi was also a collector. The calligraphy and painting treasures they brought to Shanghai were donated to the Shanghai Museum from 1951 to 1959. Among them, the famous masterpieces of calligraphy and painting are numerous and clear. The rare and rare manuscripts were praised by Bozan as "providing half of the paintings in the library."

Gu’s father, Gu Gongshuo, returned to Suzhou after eight years of victory in Shanghai. After he was liberated as the deputy curator of the Suzhou Museum, he also donated more than one hundred pieces of home-made paintings and embroidery to enrich the collection.

After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the private ten-year-old books were paid for by the public library, and it became a momentary ethos. The amount of donations made by individuals has reached over 10,000. Local libraries such as the Beijing Library, the Shanghai Museum, and the Nanjing Library have rapidly enriched a large number of quality products in those years.

“After liberation, we hurriedly donated many things. What are the reasons? The burden of protecting cultural relics is too heavy. It is not easy to protect them. The best house in our house is for books and paintings. All the clothes in the trunk are not books, it is a kind of luggage from Fujian, and the degree of sealing is very high. When the boxes are closed, the air will be pressed out with a bang. Our family does not care about wearing clothes. It is very common for my grandfather to wear patched clothes. These treasures have survived so many hardships that they are finally retained and handed over to the country in the hope of better protection. The concept of property, investment, and commodities is completely absent from the mind. ”

Gu Ke said that at that time everyone was willing to hand over the Tibetan cultural relics to the public, and he felt that keeping these collections was a heavy burden. The quality passed down by his ancestors could not be destroyed in his own hands, but the temperature and humidity needed to collect ancient books and paintings The harsh conditions are increasingly felt out of personal force. Therefore, to find a good home for these vicissitudes of treasures is also a true mentality of collectors.

Check the beginning of "**", especially the activities of copying the style of the family and breaking the four old ones. Indiscriminately treat ancient books as the old culture of "receiving funds and repairs," copying and looting, or burning a fire. "I My dad volunteered to go to the museum and ask for permission to ask the museum to copy the home. For no other reason, it was feared that the precious old books had been destroyed by the old and the old. At that time, we also had a collection of five rooms and even a book box with a bookcase. At the time of copying, seven trucks were loaded in small trucks and shipped to museums."

However, the rebel groups did not let Gu Gongshuo go because of “actively copying”, nor did Gu Gongshuo once bring the history of the underground party’s effort to cover the money and still dragged him and his wife to the streets in public. As a result, after the fight was over, this side was beginning to load the collection. Gu Di had already discovered that his father was gone and somehow he quietly walked away. “I took a bike and looked around in Suzhou City. My relatives and friends’ families had asked and no one saw him. When I got home and turned to find something, he wrote a suicide note on the table. I know for sure. Not good, but still do not know where to look for him." Gu Gongshuo's suicide note in a few words, but only shows that "there can be no shame killing. I go first."

When Gu Gongshuo sank in Huqiu, his family could not know. "The next morning, he floated out of the water. It was also a coincidence. It happened to me that my grandfather passed by and found it and shipped it to the crematorium." Gu Gongshuo is in Suzhou "* *" The first person who was killed by the **.

Later, after the “**” was implemented, the policy was implemented and the household materials were returned. However, the two most precious ancient books in the collection were lost.

At the end of this period, the auction for the Guoyunlou book auction was called a quarter, drawing everyone’s interest in another three-quarters. In 1992, Jiangsu Province financed 400,000 yuan to purchase Gu's descendants' three books, a total of 541 3707 volumes. He has done a lifetime of old book business. Mr. Jiang Chengbo, who is 87 years old, was originally a master and a witness. In the Wenyu Shanfang Bookstore, Mr. Jiang Lao talked about the story of the 90s of the last century entrusted with the Nanjing Library's acquisition of the Yunlou Building Collection. The story is still very meticulous. How to be affected by the Jiangsu Provincial Party Committee Liu Lin**? The “Library of the Library” stayed in Jiangsu and asked how he could identify with the posterity of the Gu family. He also helped Nantu organize these bibliographies. In Suzhou, in Shanghai, over the rare editions of the Cloud House, the Song Engraved “Longchuan Luzhi” and “ The solitary version of the "Ziyuan" and "Yanya Zhang Gonglu" appeared before the eyes, making him astonishing; and because Gujia posterity was not consistent, it was a pity that he did not see the 1/4 book, and Huang Lielie's "Shi Li Ju Shu" was opened, and there were two batches before and after, and there was also a copy of "Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen Ling Shu" published by Jia Jing Dao Ju Jing Tang. The Neijing Su Wen was back in Nantu, and Spiritual Sutra is in the book of this auction...

This quarterly book was taken by a “mysterious buyer” at the Guardian auction in 2005. This time it was re-launched, and it was bought by Mengnan and Beibei. Gu’s thought, which had long been out of the question, was: In the end, both Phoenix and Nantuo Or, for Beijing University, it is a better destination, much better than for private individuals.

On June 26th, Nantu held a news conference on the Yunlou library collection. The curator Xu Xiaoyue believes that the 541 3707 volumes of the Guoyunlou collection purchased by Nantu in 1992 cover almost all types of ancient paper books, and can be described as “treasure collections”. They are linked to the blood of the 179 Guoyunlou collections that were auctioned for by the time of the auction. If unified by Nantu, they can be described as “movements of the world”.

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